Rev. Thomas Buddle and Sarah Dixon
Husband Rev. Thomas Buddle
Born: 24 Dec 1812 - Durham Christened: Died: 26 Jun 1883 - Grafton Rd. Auckland, New Zealand Buried: - Symonds St. Cemetery, Auckland 1
Father: Matthew Buddle (Est 1787- ) Mother: Mary Anderson (Est 1791- )
Marriage: 16 Aug 1839 - Barnard Castle, Durham
Events in his life were:
• Occupation, 1835 - Daventry, Northamptonshire
• Occupation, 1837 - Huntingdon & St. Neats
• Occupation, 1838 - Peterborough
• Methodist Minister, Methodist Minister, 1839
• Emigration, as Methodist Missionary, 14 Sep 1839 - New Zealand
• President of Conference (Australia), President of Conference (Australia), 1863 - Hobart, Tasmania
• in charge of Native Affairs, in charge of Native Affairs, 1865 - New Zealand
Wife Sarah Dixon
Born: 21 Oct 1813 - Barnard Castle, Durham Christened: Died: 1 Sep 1884 Buried: - Symonds St. Cemetery, Auckland
Father: William Dixon II (1769-1829) Mother: Hannah Wilson? (1778-1838)
Events in their marriage were:
• Emigration, Aboard 'Triton', 130 tons, 14 Sep 1839
1 F Mary Hannah Buddle
Born: 26 Jul 1840 - Waipa, New Zealand Christened: Died: 5 May 1894 Buried:Spouse: Rev. John Crump (1828-1912) Marr: 25 Apr 1861
2 M William Dixon Buddle
Born: 1842 Christened: Died: Buried:
3 F Sarah Elizabeth Buddle
Born: 1843 Christened: Died: 19 Jan 1936 - 22 Clifton Rd. Takapuna, New Zealand Buried:Spouse: Richard Arthur ( -Bef 1936) Marr: 25 Apr 1864
4 F Emma Buddle
Born: 8 Jul 1845 2 Christened: Died: 26 Apr 1931 Buried: 27 Apr 1931 - Gore Hill, WilloughbySpouse: Rev. Rainsford Bavin (1845-1905) Marr: 3 Mar 1870 - Wesleyan Church, Christchurch, New Zealand
5 M Thomas Buddle
Born: 1847 Christened: Died: Abt 13 Sep 1918 - Victoria Ave., Remuera, Auckland, N.Z. Buried:Spouse: Emma Arthur ( - ) Marr: 21 Jun 1870
6 F Australia Jane Buddle
Born: 31 Oct 1848 - Auckland, New Zealand Christened: Died: 17 Oct 1934 Buried:Spouse: John Dellow (1851-1897) Marr: 5 May 1883
7 M John Wesley Buddle
Born: 31 Dec 1849 - Auckland, New Zealand Christened: Died: Buried:
8 M Joseph Foster Buddle
Born: 19 Nov 1852 - Auckland, New Zealand Christened: Died: Abt 6 Sep 1921 - Rahiri, Devonport, N.Z. Buried:Spouse: Mary Ann Hewitt (1852- ) Marr: 2 May 1876 - Wellington, New Zealand
9 F Amy Sophia Buddle
Born: 7 Jul 1854 - Auckland, New Zealand Christened: Died: Buried:Spouse: Ezekiel Shannon ( - )
10 M Charles Frederick Buddle
Born: 22 Aug 1858 - Onehunga, Auckland, New Zealand Christened: Died: Buried:Spouse: Eliza Bell ( - ) Marr: 7 Feb 1883 - Auckland, New Zealand
General Notes (Husband)
Thomas Buddle was born at Durham, England, the son of Matthew Buddle, a cordwainer or shoemaker, from a prominent Anglican family, and his wife, Mary Anderson. At the age of 17 Thomas joined the Wesleyan Methodist Church, becoming a lay preacher. In 1835 he was accepted as a probationer, and was ordained by the Wesleyan Methodist Conference at Liverpool in 1839. On 16 August 1839 he married Sarah Dixon at Barnard Castle, Durham; they were to have 10 children. Buddle accepted a call to serve in New Zealand from the general committee of the Wesleyan-Methodist Missionary Society, and he and Sarah departed Bristol in the society's ship, Triton , in September 1839, arriving at Hokianga in May 1840.
Buddle was first stationed at Whaingaroa (Raglan Harbour), but a few months later was dispatched to Porirua; his vessel was wrecked at Kawhia, and Buddle returned to Whaingaroa. In December 1840 he was appointed to Waipa (West). Initially he established himself at Honipaka, but when Potatau Te Wherowhero objected that the site was a sacred place, he shifted instead to Te Kopua in May 1841. Between 1841 and 1844 he baptised many leading Maori, and opened schools between the upper Mokau River and Lake Taupo. In May 1844, in company with John Morgan, John Whiteley and James Wallis, Buddle accompanied local Maori to the great Waikato feast at Remuera.
Buddle's organisational ability led, in 1844, to his appointment as head of the Wesleyan Native Institution in Auckland, a college devoted to training Maori teachers. For the next 21 years he ministered to Maori and Pakeha congregations in Auckland. He also served as one of the Wesleyan representatives on the Maori Bible Revision Committee.
Increasingly drawn into church administration, Buddle attended the church's seventh Australasian conference in Sydney in 1861, and was appointed its secretary. He took ship Dec 31, 1862 aboard the 'Lord Ashley' for Sydney. Capt. S. Muirhead.(Southern Cross 1 Jan 1863), and was president of the ninth conference, held at Hobart in 1863. He served on a series of circuits - Manukau (1854-60), Auckland (1861-65), Christchurch (1866-69), Wellington (1870-72) and Nelson (1873-75) - and was successively chairman of the Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch districts. When the Wesleyan Methodist Church in New Zealand gained its independent conference in 1874, Buddle served as its first president. From 1875 to 1881 he served as founding principal of Three Kings Theological and Training Institution (later Wesley College).
In the early 1860s Buddle's knowledge of the Maori increasingly drew him into political affairs. In May 1860 Thomas Buddle, Donald McLean, John Williamson, Bishop G. A. Selwyn and other missionaries attended a large King movement (http://www.newzealandwars.co.nz/index.html) meeting at Ngaruawahia. Buddle's attitude to the movement was expressed in his pamphlet of that year, The Maori King movement in New Zealand. He regarded it as an attempt to repudiate the sovereignty of the Crown, and claimed that Maori possession of large tracts of uncultivated land retarded their progress towards civilisation, fostered covetousness and indolence, and led to intertribal squabbling and wars; he added, somewhat incongruously, that the Treaty of Waitangi should nevertheless be kept in good faith.
In spite of his opposition to the King movement, Buddle did not advocate war, partly because he thought the movement's lack of unity contained within it the seeds of its own destruction. Nevertheless the Wesleyan church, fearing that war would be a setback to the progress they had made in Waikato, sent Thomas Buddle, James Wallis and Alexander Reid on a mission to detach the Waikato tribes from the King movement. The mission failed, as they found Ngati Maniapoto determined to go to war if provoked. Buddle had also underestimated the determination of the colonists to see Waikato opened up for settlement. He restrained the more aggressive supporters of a military solution among the missionaries, such as John Hobbs, Samuel Ironside and John Warren, although he himself conveyed intelligence to Governor George Grey. By 1864 the Maori saw the Wesleyans as having supported the war, and the growth of the church in Waikato accordingly received a check.
Buddle's knowledge of Maori language, customs and culture resulted in his delivering in 1851 two lectures on 'The aborigines of New Zealand'; and in 1873 two lectures on 'Christianity and colonisation among the Maori', in which he invoked biblical texts and divine providence in support of European colonisation of New Zealand. Grey drew on his knowledge when compiling his Polynesian mythology .
Buddle was a member of the senate of the University of New Zealand from 1874 to 1880, and a member of the council of Auckland University College. He died in Auckland on 26 June 1883, having helped lay the foundations for an expanding and vigorous colonial Methodism
A Centenary Sketch by one of his daughters.
Many times have I thought of sending to the "Methodist Times" a short sketch of any beloved father's life and death. I send it now, deeming this Centenary year a fitting time, and especially so as the anniversary of his death draws near. His life was so crowded with work and missionary incident that it, is not easy to condense all one would like to write in one short paper. It is my privilege to have in my possession many of my father's letters and papers which are deeply interesting. They date as far back as September 14 1839, when he with my dear mother (then a bride) and a party of missionaries and their wives bound for Africa, Tonga, Fiji and New Zealand, left England in the missionary ship Triton, a boat far too small for such a journey. They had stormy weather and a perilous voyage, and did not reach New Zealand till nine months after leaving Bristol. I have my father's journal, written during that time, which is full of interest. They went to Capetown first; then called at Hobart (or Van Diemen's Land, as Tasmania was then called), where the Rev J. Waterhouse joined the party and came out to New Zealand, he being General Superintendent of the Australasian and Polynesian Missions. They landed at Hokianga first, and after staying a few weeks with the missionaries there they started again in their little ship, Mr Humby this time accompanying them. Their destination was Whangarea (now Raglan), where the Rev James Wallis was stationed. Bad weather again overtook them, and they were driven to Kawhia, Mr Whiteley's station. After a few days they left again, this time overland, my dear Mother being carried in a kind of hammock by two natives, the journey lasting two days. Shortly after reaching Raglan my eldest sister (the late Mrs. Crump) was born and when she was six weeks old it was decided that my father was to go to Wellington to start the mission there. God willed it otherwise for, going to Kawhia on their way, they were wrecked on the Kawhia Bar, my mother having to let her babe, six weeks old, be carried on the shoulders of the natives through the breakers, which they did, while she slept all the time until they gave her to Mr. Whiteley, who was watching anxiously from the beach. The natives then went back for my mother, and finally all got safely on shore. The vessel being wrecked, other arrangements had to be made, and my father was sent to form a new station on the Waipa River, for which he had to go into the bush and with the aid of the natives saw his own timber, make bricks, and build his house. For four years they stayed at "Te Kopua," being very successufu1 in their work among the Maoris. Then my father was appointed to Auckland, where for some time he had charge of the native institution at Grafton Road, later on working both among pakehas and. Maoris, at the same time being secretary for all the island missions, involving a tremendous amount of writing and work. Beside all this, he took great interest in all that was happening, and ever helped in any good work. He was a great authority on native matters and his advice was often sought by the Governor and his Ministers, especially during the Maori War. In 1855 he was appointed to Onehunga to start the church there, and for six years he was "in labours more abundant." His next appointment was back to the Auckland circuit, where he had great success until 1866, when he was removed to Christchurch after being twenty-two years in Auckland because of his intimate knowledge of the mission work.
But the Maori War, interfering with and for a time stopping this work he took his place in circuit work, being four very successful years in Christchurch, three in Wellington and three in Nelson, Whilst in the latter place he was elected the president of the first New Zealand Conference having been president of the Australasian Conference in 1863.. On leaving Nelson he came to Auckland as first Principal of Wesley College, Three Kings. There, for six years, he worked hard both for the English and native students, until he felt that the time had come when for my mother's sake, as well as for his own he must retire from the active work. He was only one year in our home at Grafton load, and all the time preaching almost every Sunday and often twice and walking long distances. The last time he preached was at Onehunga on the Sunday morning a week before his death. He was hurrying home to preach at Grafton Road at night, when he collapsed on the road with heart seizure, and was carried home. He partly recovered during the week, and wanted to take his appointment the next Sunday, but the doctor forbade it, and on the Monday evening he had another heart attack, and was taken from us all so suddenly that my sister, Mrs. R. Arthur, though living in Auckland, could not reach him till all was over and his oft expressed wish that he might "cease at once to work and live" was granted to him. "He was not for God took him." A beautiful ending to such a life.
1 Internet Reference, http://0-www.aucklandcity.govt.nz.www.elgar.govt.nz/dbtw-wpd/exec/dbtwpub.dll.
2 Letter to Mother, Edna Bavin, Birthday letter.